Home >> Global Organizations
Courts, Laws & Crime
Organ Trafficking in the Middle East
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 3/7/2011
Interview granted to El Pais
Q. Why do Israelis buy more organs for transplantation than other nations?
A. Because Israeli doctors and businessmen (and, more generally, Jewish doctors in places like South Africa) are heavily involved in the trade. Jewish religion forbids the donation of organs from a living person. So, in Israel, there is an enormous shortage of organs coupled with a sizable purchasing power. It is simply easier for an Israeli to find the right connections as all the roads lead to Tel-Aviv.
Q. Which countries provide the most donors?
A. In Europe: Moldo...
Forget the ICC: Let Africa Revive Its Traditional Justice Systems
Ronald Elly Wanda - 7/10/2010
The beginning of June saw Uganda’s capital Kampala, the heartbeat of Africa, play host to the first ever Review Conference of the Rome Statute, which in 2002 gave birth to the International Criminal Court (ICC). A timely event that triggered a renewed interest in discussions centered on the limits and possibilities of international justice serving African interests. Questions such as: “is there sufficient gravity for Africans to depend on the International Criminal Court (ICC) to deliver local justice?” dominated civil talks at malwa (local brew) dens in towns and villages right across the continent.
Sovereign Equality Principle in International Law
Snigdha Nahar - 3/28/2008
One of the fundamental principles on which International Law and International Relations rests and relies on is that of Sovereignty. This is not as easily understood and defined though. A number of scholars have different definitions and concepts for the same. From the perspective of International Law, all states are sovereign.
Abhishek Dadoo - 2/21/2008
The term "money laundering" is said to originate from Mafia ownership of Laundromats in the United States. Gangsters there were earning huge sums in cash from extortion, prostitution, gambling and bootleg liquor.2 The large proceeds so obtained by means of such illegitimate businesses required the showing of a legitimate source. One of the ways in which they were able to do this was by purchasing externally legitimate businesses and to blend their illicit earnings with the legitimate earnings they received from these businesses. Laundromats wer...
How Can We Prevent Violence?
Kamala Sarup - 8/21/2007
Should we enforce regulations to prevent violent behavior to persuade more peaceful behavior? Can additional funding for research into the causes and consequences of violence produce anything new -- anything that has not already been researched for centuries by sociologists?
Future of the World Court in Balance: Will It Be Stripped of Power By Backing Away From Sudan's Atrocities
Nick Grono and Donald Steinberg - 3/13/2007
The Sudanese government has responded swiftly to the call to hand over to the International Criminal Court two individuals allegedly responsible for atrocities in Darfur, delivering a blunt threat to “cut the throat of any international official…who tries to jail a Sudanese official in order to present him to the international justice.”
Scrapping the Geneva Conventions
Jim Lobe - 10/10/2006
In enacting new legislation last week governing the treatment and trial of suspects in Washington's “global war on terror,” Congress has turned its back on both international law and the U.S. Constitution, according to the country's major human rights groups.
War Crimes Under International Law
James Catano - 9/2/2006
Article written in reference to the classification of war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity, as well as the necessity of such legal categorization and the limitations of domestic law related to such egregious violations.
Crime Fighting Computer Systems and Databases
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 9/10/2005
As crime globalizes, so does crime fighting. Mobsters, serial killers, and terrorists cross state lines and borders effortlessly, making use of the latest advances in mass media, public transportation, telecommunications, and computer networks. The police - there are 16,000 law enforcement agencies in the Unites States alone - is never very far behind.
The MinMaj Rule
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 7/21/2005
I have a Roma (gypsy) cleaning lady. She cleans my house every fortnight. She is nice and well spoken. She values education and good manners. She is spotless, obsessively purgatory, compulsively tidy. And she hates "shiptars" (the derogatory name assigned to Macedonian Albanians). They are dirty, she says, and criminal and they have too many children. They don't respect their women. She is afraid of them. Her eyes glow with the gratification of the underdog turned top dog, if only verbally, if only for a while, if only while cleansing my house. This is the way it is, a chain of abuse, a torren...
Resolving Disputes - The Lost Art
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 7/5/2005
Wherever interests meet - they tend to clash. Disputes are an inevitable and inseparable part of commercial life. Mankind invented many ways to settle disputes. Each way relies on a different underlying principle. Generally speaking, there are four such principles: justice, law, logic and force.
Money Laundering in A Changed World
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 5/21/2005
If you shop with a major bank, chances are that all the transactions in your account are scrutinized by AML (Anti Money Laundering) software. Billions of dollars are being invested in these applications. They are supposed to track suspicious transfers, deposits, and withdrawals based on overall statistical patterns. Bank directors, exposed, under the Patriot Act, to personal liability for money laundering in their establishments, swear by it as a legal shield and the holy grail of the on-going war against financial crime and the finances of terrorism.
The Psychology of Torture
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 5/6/2005
There is one place in which one's privacy, intimacy, integrity and inviolability are guaranteed - one's body, a unique temple and a familiar territory of sensa and personal history. The torturer invades, defiles and desecrates this shrine. He does so publicly, deliberately, repeatedly and, often, sadistically and sexually, with undisguised pleasure. Hence the all-pervasive, long-lasting, and, frequently, irreversible effects and outcomes of torture.
Realist's Case For Genocide Intervention
Sean-Paul Kelley - 4/24/2005
It was a breezy May afternoon in San Pedro de Alcantara, on the southern coast of Spain, when first I heard of Rwanda's horrors. Lazily sitting on a veranda overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, I casually read the International Herald Tribune. The photos, rivers of bodies all decaying, beheaded, mangled, and deformed seemed too horrific to be real. A true conception of what was happening in Rwanda could not be real to my best friend and I as we sat there discussing, so carelessly, where we would go next. "Perhaps," I said, "we'll go to Gibraltar, or Cueta and then Morocco? Hey, why not the other...
The Bursting Asset Bubbles - Wall Street, October 1929
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 4/24/2005
Claud Cockburn, writing for the "Times of London" from New-York, described the irrational exuberance that gripped the nation just prior to the Great Depression. As Europe wallowed in post-war malaise, America seemed to have discovered a new economy, the secret of uninterrupted growth and prosperity, the fount of transforming technology:
Nuremberg Trials: The Last Tragedy of the Holocaust
Ellis Washington, Esq. - 4/17/2005
In the Nuremberg Trials (1945-1947), Nazi high officials, officers, and industrialists were tried by an International Military Tribunal for war crimes and other atrocities committed during World War II that violated the accepted laws of war. The charges brought against the Nazi defendants accused them of originating, plotting, and waging aggressive war, using slave labor, looting occupied countries, and abusing, torturing, and murdering civilians, prisoners of war, and so-called "undesirables". The people who suffered the most from Hitler's singular genocide against humanity were of course the Jews who suffered 6 million deaths-over half of all European Jewry at that time!
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 3/16/2005
In July 2002, Christopher Deliso recounted in antiwar.com that Dutch Radio, based on reports leaked by a Dutch military analysis firm, accused the US government of aiding and abetting terrorists in Macedonia. Not for the first time, the Americans were rumored to have hired the services of MPRI (Military Professional Resources, Inc.) to train and assist the rebels of the NLA, the Albanian National Liberation Army, which skirmished for months with the Macedonian police and military throughout last year.
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 3/15/2005
The rumors concerning the demise of maritime piracy back in the 19th century were a tad premature. The scourge has so resurged that the International Maritime Board (IMB), founded by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in 1981, is forced to broadcast daily piracy reports to all shipping companies by satellite from its Kuala Lumpur Piracy Reporting Center, established in 1992 and partly funded by maritime insurers. The reports carry this alarming disclaimer:
The Argument For Torture
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 3/11/2005
The problem of the "ticking bomb" - rediscovered after September 11 by Alan Dershowitz, a renowned criminal defense lawyer in the United States - is old hat. Should physical torture be applied - where psychological strain has failed - in order to discover the whereabouts of a ticking bomb and thus prevent a mass slaughter of the innocent? This apparent ethical dilemma has been confronted by ethicists and jurists from Great Britain to Israel.
The Business of Torture
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 3/11/2005
On January 16, 2003, the European Court of Human Rights agreed - more than two years after the applications have been filed - to hear six cases filed by Chechens against Russia. The claimants accuse the Russian military of torture and indiscriminate killings. The Court has ruled in the past against the Russian Federation and awarded assorted plaintiffs thousands of euros per case in compensation.
Trading from a Suitcase: Shuttle Trade and Global Black Market
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D. - 3/6/2005
They all sport the same shabby clothes, haggard looks, and bulging suitcases bound with frayed ropes. These are the shuttle traders. You can find them in Mongolia and Russia, China and Ukraine, Bulgaria and Kosovo, the West Bank and Turkey. They cross the border as "tourists", sometimes as often as 10 times a year, and come back with as much merchandise as they can carry in their enormous luggage. Some of them resort to freight forwarding their "personal belongings".