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War of Words over Falklands
Dr. Sudhanshu Tripathi - 2/20/2012
An international crisis appears imminent as both Argentina and the United Kingdom have got themselves entangled into a war of words over the Falkland Islands pertaining to their respective claim of sovereignty for which they have already gone into a serious war in 1982.
Democratic Speed Bumps in Latin America
Taylor Dibbert - 12/12/2011
After a decade of growing popularity, democracy has hit a slump in Latin America. A recent Latinobarómetro poll cited by The Economist in late October underscores this point. In all but three Latin American countries, fewer people than last year believe that democracy is preferable to any other type of government. In the cases of Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico, the drop in support for democracy is significant.
Amazon Tribes Fight to Keep the Xingu Alive
Glenn Switkes - 7/6/2008
For five days in May, hundreds of tribal people from the far reaches of the Amazon Basin came together to protest plans for huge dams on the Xingu River, the largest tributary of the Amazon.
The Limited Impact of Foreign Investment in the Americas
Prof. Kevin Gallagher and Prof. Andres Lopez - 6/18/2008
A comprehensive review of the impact of foreign investment liberalization in Latin America shows that, with some exceptions, foreign investment has fallen far short of stimulating broad-based economic growth and environmental protection in the region, according to a report by the Working Group on Development and Environment in the Americas. The report recommends that national and regional policies aimed at improving national firms' capabilities should be implemented and that "policy space" for such policies should be accommodated in bilateral, regional, and global trade and investment treaties.
Limits of Economic Growth in Latin America
Eduardo Gudynas - 6/1/2008
It was back in the days of enormous computers. Massive machines that occupied several rooms calculated the surface area of the earth needed to feed the planet's population, and the area lost due to urbanization and other uses. The computers vibrated and spit out their results: in a matter of a few years, a situation of abundance could give way to one of food shortages due to supply that cannot satisfy the exponential growth in demand.
Military Crisis in South America: The Results of Plan Colombia
Raúl Zibechi - 3/31/2008
The military operative executed by Colombian soldiers on Ecuadorian soil to kill the FARC commander Raul Reyes is part of the strategy of the United States to alter the military balance in the region. In the crosshairs is Venezuelan and Ecuadorian oil; however it also serves as a check on Brazil as an emerging regional power.
Landless Workers Movement: The Difficult Construction of a New World
Raúl Zibechi - 9/28/2006
“Breaking down the fences of the large estates was not as difficult as fighting the technological packages of the transnationals,” Huli recounts as he sits in his kitchen and pours hot water into the mate we share while his son romps around the house. He says the campesinos of Brazil's Landless Rural Workers' Movement (MST, for the Portuguese initials) dreamed for years of reclaiming their land, believing that it would solve all their problems: food for their children, a dignified life of hard work on the farm, education, health, and housing. However, the reality would prove much more difficult, for surprises they had never imagined lay ahead.
South American Ministers Vow to Protect Access to Medicines
Martin Khor - 6/22/2006
Editor's Note: The following article by Martin Khor, director of the Third World Network, describes a recent declaration by ten South American countries to protect access to life-saving medicines from expanded patent barriers. The declaration represents an important move to establish a united position in the face of U.S. and other developed country pressures to provide extended patent exclusivity to transnational pharmaceutical companies. Unfortunately, the declaration must be taken with a grain of salt, since several of the countries that signed on—notably Peru and Colombia—have already acced...
IIRSA: Integration Custom-Made for International Markets
Raúl Zibechi - 6/22/2006
The project for Integration of South American Regional Infrastructure (IIRSA, by its initials in Spanish), is swiftly but silently moving forward. IIRSA is the most ambitious and encompassing plan to integrate the region for international trade. If completed in full, the project would connect zones containing natural resources (natural gas, water, oil, biodiversity) with metropolitan areas, and both of these with the world's largest markets.
Andean Community: Requiem for a Dream
Ariela Ruiz Caro - 6/1/2006
The announcement of Venezuela's withdrawal from the Andean Community of Nations puts an end to the conflicted relationships that dominated among member countries since the beginning of free trade agreement negotiations in May 2004. In July of that year, at the XV Andean Presidential Summit in Quito, President Chávez warned his Andean neighbors that signing free trade agreements with the United States could put regional integration in jeopardy.
Made in Argentina: Slave Conditions for Bolivian Workers
Marie Trigona - 5/1/2006
Bolivian workers in Argentina are pressing the government to take action against slave-like conditions inside clandestine textile shops after a fire in a factory killed six people in Buenos Aires on March 30th. The government has initiated inspections of seamstress shops employing Bolivians and Paraguayans. Inspectors shut down at least 100 of these plants.
Recuperated Enterprises in Argentina: Reversing the Logic of Capitalism
Marie Trigona - 3/20/2006
Argentina’s worker-run factories are setting an example for workers around the world that employees can run a business even better without a boss or owner. Some 180 recuperated enterprises up and running, providing jobs for more than 10,000 Argentine workers. The new phenomenon of employees taking over their workplace began in 2000 and heightened as Argentina faced its worst economic crisis ever in 2001. Nationwide, thousands of factories have closed and millions of jobs have been lost in recent years. Despite challenges, Argentina’s recuperated factory movement have created jobs, formed a broad network of mutual support among the worker-run workplaces and generated community projects.
Femicide On the Rise in Latin America
Kent Paterson - 3/10/2006
On the eve of International Women's Day 2006, a delegation of Latin American women made a historic journey to Washington, DC. Rather than celebrating the gains women have made through their many struggles, the group arrived at the headquarters of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States with an alarming message: femicide, the murder of women, is spreading.
Another World is Possible: The Ceramics of Zanon
Raúl Zibechi - 1/26/2006
On some occasions, rare though they are, the slogan “Another world is possible,” becomes reality. The workers of a ceramics factory who took control of the company and have been functioning as a cooperative for four years now, demonstrate that even working for a large, high-tech business, it is possible to create another life.
Federations: States Punching Above Their Weight - Is South America Next?
Thomas Muirhead - 1/2/2006
The days of international relations being conducted on the basis of states are over - or have at least been dramatically modified. The world is moving towards a balance of regional federations. The dramatic difference in economic and political power wielded by a few larger states in comparison to the many smaller states is to be challenged by the creation of economic and political entities that can match the largest states. These federations will bring the world to a stage where there are fewer, more equal, political and economic entities.
The Free Market Versus Regional Integration
Raúl Zibechi - 12/9/2005
The difficulties regional integration faces come from distortions caused by the free market—asymmetries, inequalities, and contradictions—that are virtually insurmountable.
Natural Resources in the U.S.-Andean Free Trade Agreement
Ariela Ruiz Caro - 11/25/2005
The blueprint for integration of the Community of Andean Nations (CAN) follows the neoliberal accumulation model that took root in the 1990s. The result has been a significant reduction of the power of the State to regulate trade and define economic policies and a sharp turn toward export promotion. A small core of big businesses continues to gain control over market segments, while small- and medium-sized businesses struggle to participate in regional and international trade at all. And yet, it is this latter group that generates 70% of the employment in the Andean region.
Timely Demise for Free Trade Area of the Americas
Laura Carlsen - 11/25/2005
The stage was set for a showdown. When the Bush cabinet announced intentions to revive the moribund Free Trade Area of the Americas at the Fourth Summit of the Americas in Mar del Plata, the countries of the Southern Common Market closed ranks to prevent it. What followed was a diplomatic melee that reflects not so much divisions within Latin America, as a growing resistance to the current free trade model throughout the developing world.
EXCLUSIVE: Interview with Brazilian Former Guerilla/Terrorist and Current Congressman Fernando Gabeira
Nelza Oliveira - 10/11/2005
Brazil is passing through one of the worst political crises in its history. The Workers' Party (PT) of President Luiz Inio Lula da Silva has been dogged by corruption scandals, accused of paying for the support of allied parties in the Brazilian Congress and using illegal and undeclared election funds. In this process, congressman Fernando Gabeira, 64, is gaining more and more support by defending ethics and the punishment of the politicians involved in the corruption scandal. Journalist and writer, former left-wing guerrilla, and founder of Brazilian Green Party, Fernando Gabeira was the firs...
Terrorism's Triple-Border Sanctuary: Islamist World Terror from Argentina, Brazil & Paraguay
Thomas Muirhead - 8/15/2005
Since the demise of two of the world's more supportive regimes, that of the Taliban in Afghanistan and the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein, which finally drew to its inevitable close with his recent capture, Islamic terrorism's traditional sources of income and harbour are dissipating. Terrorism is being forced to adapt and adopt new channels of revenue and new havens within which to scheme. A recent example of this, which is rapidly attracting attention away from the long-established hotspots of Central Asia, the Sudan etc., is the infiltration of known terrorist cells into the region known as...
South America’s New Militarism
Raúl Zibechi - 7/26/2005
South American societies are militarizing as a result of the regional superpower’s intervention, which is undoubtedly a crucial factor on the continent, but also as a consequence of the profound economic and political changes we have come to call neoliberalism.
Latino & Hispanic? It’s Time to Rethink these Terms!
Michael Grande - 7/5/2005
The words Latino and Hispanic have been so carelessly thrown around, used to label individuals, taken advantage of by some of the popular media (ie: Latin Grammy’s, AOL Latino, and the Hispanic Heritage Awards), and even used by some unknowing people as a tool to define their heritage. Yet do we really know what these words mean?
The Latin American Bloc: The Ignored Danger to Freedom
Ryan Mauro - 12/15/2004
"Venezuela? Ecuador? Bolivia? Oh right, yes I know how horrible the condition is of Africa." Believe it or not, expecting an answer like that is well-advised when talking to the average American about Latin America. The countries of Mexico and Colombia are the only countries that come to the mind of the average American when hearing the term "Latin America". Maybe if you're lucky, the person you're exchanging with will know that Brazil is part of Latin America also!