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Poverty & Governance
Do Foreign Players (China and India) Pose Competition to U.S. Policy in Africa?
Kester Kenn Klomegah - 11/4/2012
In this interview, Dr Scott Firsing who is a visiting Bradlow fellow at the South African Institute for International Affairs (SAIIA) and a senior lecturer in international studies at Monash University in Johannesburg, and holds a Ph.D that focused on US-South Africa relations from 1994-2008, discusses with Kester Kenn Klomegah from Buziness Africa media about the significance of Hillary Clinton's tour to Africa, existing challenges and future perspectives of U.S.-Africa cooperation.
Promoting Russia’s culture in Africa
Kester Kenn Klomegah - 8/30/2012
Countries such as China and the United States are promoting their interests in Africa through the use of soft power. Is Russia missing out? The intensification of non-political contacts between Russia and Africa may contribute to increased interest.
The Bitter Chocolate
John Obiechina - 2/22/2012
Many children especially in the western world enjoy chocolate. In fact, it has gradually become an indispensable favourite as far as beverage is concerned.
Africa’s dominant State: the Dilemma of Democratization and Disintegration
Salih O. Nur - 12/28/2011
After more than five decades of violent conflict and millions of deaths, Sudan’s southern region has voted for secession in a referendum on self-determination early this year. Sudan, once Africa’s largest state, broke-up into two entities giving birth to an ethnically and religiously distinct state constituting one-third of its territory.
Post Revolutionary Stagnation in the Horn of Africa
Amanuel Nayr - 10/31/2011
The Horn of Africa has not enjoyed a decade of peace and stability since the end of European colonialism. Border wars, independence struggles, and local power and resource conflicts have kept the region in turmoil.
The West, the press and other friendly enemies of Africa
Prof. Dr Anthony A Kila - 9/30/2011
Most analysts beyond and within the shores of Africa will agree that the greatest woes betiding the countries of that continent are traceable to its lack of basic infrastructural amenities and proficient leadership.
Can Africa be saved?
Ellis Washington, J.D. - 7/29/2011
Nobles shall come from Egypt; Cush [Sudan] shall hasten to stretch out her hands to God.
The Changing Nature of Civil Society and Elections in Africa
Ronald Elly Wanda - 12/2/2010
The recent awakening wave of civil society in Africa, especially the confrontational and oppositional segment, is in large measure, a response to the declining political capacity of the African state. Excitedly triggered by the realization slowly taking place on the continent that democratization will not come from periodic elections, which political parties have for so long mistakenly viewed as their exclusive domain of operation.
Should the Aid plug to Africa be pulled off?
Ronald Elly Wanda - 4/22/2009
“Stars come and go” said William Goldman in Adventures In The Screen Trade. And Goldman was right. Lately in the African literary and development circle, Dambisa Moyo with her new book Dead Aid: How Aid is not working and how there is another way for Africa, has become one such a 'star'. The book, not to my surprise, has received a very warm welcome within the western academic circuit- that is usually unreceptive to African intellectual contributions.
The Problems and Prospects in Africa
Saberi Roy - 7/29/2008
The African nations remain the most troubled in the world, politically, socially, economically with many of the least developed nations being in Africa. Some of these poorest countries of the world are in Africa and many remain perpetually paralyzed with problems of starvation and poverty, HIV and widespread illnesses and political corruption or human rights abuse. A comprehensive examination of all the problems in Africa could be given in the context of individual countries and the most troubled regions are Somalia, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, Chad, Malawi and Sudan.
Aetiology of Violence
Sreeram Chaulia, Ph.D. candidate - 7/6/2008
(A review of Patricia Daley’s Gender & Genocide in Burundi: The Search for Spaces of Peace in the Great Lakes Region, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, June 2008. ISBN: 978-0253219251. Price: US$ 24.95. Length: 268 Pages)
Shorn Of Hypocrisy, The Mind Is For Death Penalty
Dianam Dakolo - 12/10/2007
At the United Nations, 15 November, some 87 countries including 27 European Union States were able to secure approval by the vital Third Committee of the General Assembly for a draft proposal seeking to “establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty.” By a vote of 99 countries for and 52 against, the Committee, which has responsibility for social, humanitarian affairs and human rights, is obligated to endorse and submit the proposal to the UN General Assembly for consideration and final adoption. Non-binding as the final outcome, a resolution, might be, membe...
Africans Should Re-Think Their Commonwealth Membership
Ronald Elly Wanda - 11/27/2007
Since the statute of Westminster that stipulated the formation of the Commonwealth in 1931, the purposes; benefits, representations and agency as well as the so called ‘rewards’ of the union have remained issues of contestations. This year’s Commonwealth’s Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) to be held in Kampala, East Africa, rekindles this interest. In this edition, Wanda revisits the old debates and concludes that Africa needs to rethink its membership.
Looting Africa: Book Review
Ronald Elly Wanda - 8/10/2007
My journey from London to Durban (on the south coast of South Africa) that usually takes about 14 hours felt like a short matatu (taxi) ride from Kaloleni to Kawangware in Nairobi. Thanks to Elite Transition, the last book by Patrick Bond that I read during the long-haul flight to the southern fraction of our beautiful continent. The book, appropriately titled, fast forwarded my existing knowledge of contemporary South African politics that came in handy during my active albeit short stay in Durban and later Johannesburg.
Ngugi wa Thiongo on Africa
Ronald Elly Wanda - 6/17/2007
The name “Ngugi wa Thiongo” used to be a disparaging phase that cropped up in President Moi’s speeches during his ruinous domination of Kenya (1978 to 2002). Daniel arap Moi, like many of his contemporaries in Africa was also a dictator- the so called “Big men of Africa”, he terrorised civil society, stamping ‘men of letters’ whom he saw as oppositional (Ngugi suffered this fate, until he fled) and frustrated intellectualism as well as prohibited the “Word”. On the 2nd of June 2007, Ngugi wa Thiongo gave a key note speech that included readings from his latest novel Wizard of the Crow at the B...
The West And Michael Peel's Africa
Uche Nworah - 12/4/2006
Section One: Still On Western Media Imperialism
The developing world, Africa in particular has always argued against the imbalances and injustices in the coverage of their affairs by the western media. Such coverage is not only paternalistic but most times grossly unfair, and serves only to sustain the imperialistic interests of the developed world.
Africa Falls Off the IMF Agenda (Again)
Sameer Dossani and Soren Ambrose - 10/3/2006
World leaders and celebrities declared 2005 to be the "year of Africa" with much fanfare. Beginning with the UK's Commission on Africa report, and culminating in some supposed gains for the continent at the summit meeting of the Group of Eight (G8) wealthy countries, who were cajoled at several musical extravaganzas featuring the likes of U2, Madonna and Youssou N'Dour to do more to end global poverty, the year was billed as a "turning point" for Africa.
Poverty, Development and the Burden of Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 8/3/2006
A cursory glance through Africa confronts us with the fact that the pervasive poverty ravaging Africa today represents an affront on social justice, insults the ethical sensibilities and traditions of sensitive consciences, and witnesses to the dearth of solidarity and justice in global socio-economic relations. Social justice screams at the naive hypocrisy that greets the issues raised by African poverty. How can justice not be insulted by a global relational equation, where our world spends over $900 billion Dollars annually manufacturing arms and trading weapons of death and destruction, wh...
African Debt Relief: In Good Company With Germans
Uche Nworah - 5/28/2006
It may seem a bit out of place to be rejoicing over Berlin’s debt grief, but as an African, that is for good reason.
African Poverty as Failure of Leadership
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 5/3/2006
This paper is not an exoneration of Western Imperialism, and neo-colonial sabotage of many African economies, which is one of the great factors that have crippled African development over the decades. But a critique of the timorous leadership that has not only allowed African to be exploited as a chessboard of global geopolitical wolves, but also collaborated in the enterprise of wrecking Africa. Joseph Stiglitz and Jeffrey Sachs remain some of the Washington suckled technocrats, who boldly proclaimed the truth of what people like Chinweizu, Noam Chomsky and others have been hammering on, as r...
Book Review: "Emigration, Brain Drain and Development: The Case of Sub-Saharan Africa," Arno Tanner, Washington D.C., Migration Policy Institute and Helsinki, East-West Books Helsinki, 2005. 184 pages.
Prof. Ronald Skeldon - 2/28/2006
This short and accessible book deals with one of the most important issues in research into international migration today: the movement of skilled people from the developing to the developed world or, more popularly, the "brain drain". The first half of the book deals with global patterns and general ideas about the movement of skilled labour. The second half of the book is taken up with a discussion of selected cases in sub-Saharan Africa followed by a chapter in which the author, a Finn, considers how Finnish development aid could be better deployed to alleviate or even prevent the brain dra...
Offshore Outsourcing Trend Might Be Heading For Africa
Angelique van Engelen - 1/3/2006
Big Western companies are all into outsourcing very specific aspects of their activities abroad and Africa might become a new area of emerging interest. The business logic of the deals is obvious. Western companies that have trouble keeping their heads above water due to high overhead costs are making savings and improving their profitability buying into a trend that is by now well established and virtually as low risk as any business outsourcing practice elsewhere.
Trade, Not Aid for Africa
Bhuwan Thapaliya - 12/19/2005
During the Cold War much of Africa became a battleground for the Superpowers, and there has been a tendency to see the continent as little more than a consumer of endless charity. But the new Africa demands a new attitude from the rich world, as it begins to see itself not as aid-addicted but as a system of emerging markets, capable by their own efforts of profiting from the free flow of trade in the global economy. What is little noticed by the rest of the world is that much of Africa is in the midst of an economic revolution. Though poor by global standards, there is a good chance for Africa to forge its own future.
Neo-liberalism and the Economic and Political Future of Africa
Nji Renatus Che - 12/19/2005
The core of Neo-Liberalism, which is ploy by western capitalist to have continuous grip on the African economic scene, is championed by International Financial Institutions (IFLs)-The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Western creditor nations hold that the crises caused by Neo-Liberalism can only be understood within the context of the issue of state versus markets. In a nutshell, neo-liberals argue that, the fundamental factor responsible for the economic crisis in Africa is the excessive state regulation of the economies of African countries, which among other things dist...
The Vicious Cycle of AIDS, Poverty, and Neoliberalism
Bernardo Useche and Amalia Cabezas - 12/3/2005
World maps illustrating areas of high poverty largely overlap those of high HIV/AIDS prevalence. It's no coincidence that both poverty and the HIV-AIDS pandemic have run rampant in these last two decades of neoliberalism, since the root causes of both can be found in the economic model.
Africa Still Plagued by Suffering
Bhuwan Thapaliya - 10/11/2005
The term "poverty" is ambiguous and it conveys different meanings under different conditions on different occasions. However, it is clear that the rapid growth of poverty in parts of Africa is a gigantic hurdle in the way of development.
Interview with African Professor Ali Mazrui: "Bush Is Blind On Terror Threat From East Africa"
Denis Maina Gathanju - 8/25/2005
He is one of the most outstanding and prolific scholars of East African origin and an outstanding international scholar and influential political commentator on Africa’s affairs. Prof. Mazrui discusses the role he played in helping Kenya’s Professor Wangari Maathai of the Green Belt Movement win the 2004 Nobel Prize for Peace. Placed 50th in the list of 100 greatest African, Professor Ali Mazrui is the chancellor of the Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology in Juja, Kenya and an Albert Schweitzer Professor in the Humanities and Director of the Institute of Global studies at Bi...
Education in the Quest for Responsible Governance in Africa
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 7/12/2005
It was Lord Acton who articulated the ageless fact that Power has the ontological potentiality of corrupting its holders, while its absolute, unrestricted concentration in any individual or structure has that natural propensity of absolutely corrupting its repository. In view of the foregoing, a responsible leadership can be nourished and sustained only by an enlightened and responsible followership, which will constitute an effective check on its exercise and excesses.
Scandal of African Poverty
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 7/9/2005
The map of Africa tilted slightly looks like a huge question mark. This may be accounted for by a geographic or a tectonic accident. Nevertheless, the chronicles of African history as well as her contemporary situation, is a real, monstrous question mark of frightening and scandalous proportions, on humanity and human ethical values across all cultures and traditions. The face of Africa has been so brutally battered by a cross-pollination of fatally unfriendly, man-made forces, that she is today lying prostrate, aground and marooned in the sandbanks of underdevelopment. Africa, as was well ar...
Africa's Debt And The Upcoming G8 Gleneagles Meeting
Angelique van Engelen - 6/28/2005
Massive rallies are planned for the upcoming Gleneagles summit of the G8 early next month. If the current reports of the organizers are anywhere indicative of its success, it is likely that Gleneagles might be rather overcrowded. Aid to Africa is topping the G8 agenda and a proposal drawn up by the British government offering the most detailed debt relief proposition ever is on the table. But protestors want to see action rather than words. They also are largely concerned with Africa proposal's private sector bias, which they argue is a boost to multinational corporations' control, rather than aid to Africa.
Power and the Illusions of Omnipotence
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 6/23/2005
The life of man has repeatedly proved that illusions are seductive. Mankind has constantly being swayed and crippled into idiocy, by waves of illusions, entertained as reality, by a cross section of her members. Time was when some sections of the human family were marked out as inferior due to their physiological differences. Time was when some members of the human family were barbecued out of existence as heretics for holding a divergent opinion, from that held by the powerful or the majority. The illusions still persist today in some quarters, though in polite proportions; that certain races...
World Poverty is a Justice and Ethics Issue - Open Letter to G8 Leaders
Kamran Mofid, PhD - 6/5/2005
Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice. It is the protection of a fundamental human right, the right to dignity and a decent life. While poverty persists, there is no true freedom.
- Nelson Mandela
Chance of 100% Debt Cancellation for Third World Borrowers
Mark Engler - 5/21/2005
How 100% debt cancellation for poor countries--now being debated by wealthy nations--was transformed from an implausible demand into a winning issue, and what barriers lie ahead for the debt relief movement.
Mandela's Powerful Message - Africa's Time Has Come
Emira Woods - 5/20/2005
As people begin to line up in movie theaters to visit galaxies far, far away in the final chapter of Star Wars, Nelson Mandela comes to America to remind us of a continent right here on earth, just on the other side of the Atlantic.
Commission for Africa
Uche Nworah - 5/14/2005
Africans should not blame Mr Tony Blair, the newly re-elected Prime Minister of Britain, for attempting to redress through the Commission for Africa report, decades of imbalances and injustices visited on Africans by both African rulers and their western collaborators. It is this callous and wicked conspiracy that has brought the beautiful and virgin continent on its knees, largely impoverishing its people and turned them into beggars, cry babies and laughing stocks of the global community.
African Poverty and Global Security
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 4/7/2005
The world has witnessed a lot of paradigm shifts in the history of its preoccupations. But the trajectory has been the same. From the geocentric conceptual scheme to a Heliocentric one marked by a happy regress to the Copernican Revolution, to the shift from Newtonian Physics to a new Universe of Einsteinian Relativity; From the medieval centralization and absolutization of all epistemic authority in the supernatural, to the Methodic Doubts of the Cartesian epistemology: Humanity seemed not to have learnt a lot in terms of lessons. Its long, chequered history takes perverse pleasure in repeati...
African Poverty and Social Justice
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 3/31/2005
This paper was presented in the Vatican at the International Conference entitled "A Call to Justice: The Legacy of Gaudium et Spes 40 Years Later" in Commemoration of the 40th Anniversary of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, "Gaudium et Spes".
Africa: The Ontology of Failed States
Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh, Ph.D - 3/27/2005
Never in the history of human reality, was an ode ever commissioned to celebrate failure. This flows from a conventional metaphysic. In the halls of reason, only perversity strives to roll out the drums, in honour of failure. Eulogising failure is not an employment proper to the orchestra of optimism. Failure gets a burial; never a funeral. Burial is for realities doomed to the isle of the forgotten. What we want to forget, we bury. But funeral celebrates a life, to immortalize a memory. Man naturally hastens to forget failure and its bitter pills. But he glories in success. It is normal. He ...